What Is A Distraction Injury?

How do you assess cervical spine injury?

If the nominated decision rule indicates high risk of injury, cervical spine imaging is indicated.

An accurate history, physical examination and radiographic screening are required, preferably with computed tomography imaging, or five-view plain X-ray if computed tomography is unavailable..

What is considered a distracting injury?

The original definition of a distracting injury in the NEXUS guidelines included any or all of the following: 1) a long bone fracture; 2) a visceral injury requiring surgical consultation; 3) a large laceration, degloving injury, or crush injury; 4) large burns; or 5) any other injury producing acute functional …

What is a painful distracting injury?

Painful Distracting Injury: Including, but not limited to long bone fracture, visceral. injury requiring surgical consultation, large laceration, degloving injury, crush injury, large burns, or any injury causing acute functional impairment.

How do you know if you have damaged your spine?

Emergency signs and symptoms of a spinal cord injury after an accident may include: Extreme back pain or pressure in your neck, head or back. Weakness, incoordination or paralysis in any part of your body. Numbness, tingling or loss of sensation in your hands, fingers, feet or toes.

How does flexion distraction work?

Flexion-distraction therapy is performed on a segmented table that moves as your chiropractor slowly manipulates your spine. The manipulations, combined with the movements of the table, stretch and decompress your spine, relieving your back, leg, neck, or arm pain.

How do you treat a cervical spine injury?

First aid measures of early closed reduction or realignment and immobilization of the cervical spine, breathing support and high-dose methylprednisolone were most important in the treatment for traumatic spinal cord injury. Surgery should be performed as soon as the indications of spinal injury appear.

What is Nexus criteria?

NEXUS (National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study) is a set of validated criteria used to decide which trauma patients do not require cervical spine imaging. Trauma patients who do not require cervical spine imaging require all of the following: alert and stable. no focal neurologic deficit.

What is Spinal Distraction?

Mechanized axial spinal distraction therapy, also known as vertebral axial decompression, is a therapy used for lower back pain due to a number of conditions including, but not limited to, herniated discs, degenerative disc disease, sciatica, posterior facet syndrome, lumbosacral strain, radiculopathy, and a condition …

What happens if your spinal cord is damaged?

Injuries to the spinal cord can cause weakness or complete loss of muscle function and loss of sensation in the body below the level of injury, loss of control of the bowels and bladder, and loss of normal sexual function.

What level of spinal cord injury impairs breathing?

Generally, the higher up the level of the injury is to the spinal cord, the more severe the symptoms. For example, an injury to the neck, the first and second vertebrae in the spinal column (C1, C2), or the mid-cervical vertebrae (C3, C4, and C5) affects the respiratory muscles and the ability to breathe.

What is a flexion injury?

FREE subscriptions for doctors and students… Flexion or forward hinging injuries are most common in the lumbar spine following a fall in the bent position or an object falling on the bent back. The injury is stable if the posterior ligament remains intact, but the front of the vertebral body usually collapses.

What is a Jefferson fracture?

Jefferson fracture is the eponymous name given to a burst fracture of the atlas. It was originally described as a four-part fracture with double fractures through the anterior and posterior arches, but three-part and two-part fractures have also been described.

How do you know if your spinal cord is damaged?

What are the symptoms of a spinal cord injury?problems walking.loss of control of the bladder or bowels.inability to move the arms or legs.feelings of spreading numbness or tingling in the extremities.unconsciousness.headache.pain, pressure, and stiffness in the back or neck area.signs of shock.More items…

What is distraction in physical therapy?

Physical therapists do this all the time in a procedure known as distraction. Basically, it’s the manual separation of two articulating joint surfaces. We “distract” these surfaces in order to relieve pressure within the joint, especially for people who have osteoarthritis.

What is flexion distraction injury?

Flexion-distraction injuries occur due to distractive forces causing disruption of the posterior and middle spinal columns. These fractures classically consist of a fracture line through the posterior bony elements; involvement of the posterior ligamentous complex is, however, common.

What is cervical spine trauma?

Trauma is the most common cause of cervical injury, and this can include motor vehicle accidents, falls, penetrating or blunt trauma, sports-related or diving injuries. [4][5] Nontraumatic causes can include compression fractures from osteoporosis, arthritis, or cancer and inflammation of the spinal cord.

How long does it take for a spinal cord injury to heal?

Recovery, if it occurs, typically starts a week to six months after an injury. The fastest rate of recovery is often seen in the first six months, but some people experience small improvements for up to one to two years.

What is the difference between traction and distraction?

Distraction tells us the therapist is attempting to use the force at a specific level or area of the spine. Traction is more of a general dispersion of the force throughout the spine.