Quick Answer: When Would You Give A Hypotonic Solution?

What are the 3 main types of IV fluids?

Crystalloids.

Crystalloid IV solutions contain small molecules that flow easily across semipermeable membranes.

They are categorized according to their relative tonicity in relation to plasma.

There are three types: isotonic, hypotonic, and hypertonic..

What does hypertonic solution do to the body?

Tonicity in living systems If a cell is placed in a hypertonic solution, water will leave the cell, and the cell will shrink. In an isotonic environment, there is no net water movement, so there is no change in the size of the cell.

When would you use hypertonic or hypotonic solutions?

You want to give your patients a solution that has the tonicity that is opposite their problem most of the time. For example, if your patient is dehydrated their blood is hypertonic. They will need a hypotonic solution to bring their tonicity back within normal ranges.

What is one indication for the administration of a hypotonic solution?

Hypotonic solution: A solution that contains fewer dissolved particles (such as salt and other electrolytes) than is found in normal cells and blood. Hypotonic solutions are commonly used to give fluids intravenously to hospitalized patients in order to treat or avoid dehydration.

What is an example of a hypertonic solution?

Here are a few examples: Saline solution, or a solution that contains salts, is hypertonic. … A solution of 5% dextrose (sugar) and 0.45% sodium chloride is an example of a hypertonic solution – so is a solution of 5% dextrose and 0.9% sodium chloride.

What is an example of an isotonic solution?

‘ One example of an isotonic solution is the intravenously infused fluids in hospitalized patients. Some these solutions are 0.9% NaCI or 5 percent dextrose. Another example is that blood serum is isotonic to physiologic salt solution. Also normal saline is isotonic to mammals and to amphibians.

What is considered a hypotonic solution?

A hypotonic solution is any solution that has a lower osmotic pressure than another solution. In the biological fields, this generally refers to a solution that has less solute and more water than another solution.

Why would you give a patient a hypotonic solution?

Hypotonic solution: A solution that contains fewer dissolved particles (such as salt and other electrolytes) than is found in normal cells and blood. Hypotonic solutions are commonly used to give fluids intravenously to hospitalized patients in order to treat or avoid dehydration.

When would you use a hypertonic solution?

Used to treat dehydration and decrease sodium and potassium levels. Not administered with blood as it can cause hemolysis of RBCs. Hypertonic solutions have a concentration of dissolved particles higher than plasma and an osmolality > 375 mOsm/L.

What is an example of a hypotonic solution?

Hypotonic solutions have a lower concentration of electrolytes than plasma. … A common example of a hypotonic solution is 0.45% normal saline (half normal saline).

What drinks are hypertonic?

Hypertonic sports and recovery drinks are therefore most appropriate in scenarios where taking in energy and nutrients is the main priority and where dehydration is insignificant. Popular sports and electrolyte drinks currently marketed as being hypertonic include: GU Roctane Energy Drink Mix. Lucozade Energy.

Is salt water a hypertonic solution?

Hypertonic solutions have less water ( and more solute such as salt or sugar ) than a cell. Seawater is hypertonic. If you place an animal or a plant cell in a hypertonic solution, the cell shrinks, because it loses water ( water moves from a higher concentration inside the cell to a lower concentration outside ).