Question: What Is The Difference Between Hypertonic And Hypotonic Solution?

What is considered a hypotonic solution?

A hypotonic solution is any solution that has a lower osmotic pressure than another solution.

In the biological fields, this generally refers to a solution that has less solute and more water than another solution..

What are hypertonic fluids used for?

Hypertonic solutions These fluids are often used as volume expanders and may be prescribed for hyponatremia (low sodium). They may also benefit patients with cerebral edema.

When would you use a hypotonic solution?

Hypotonic solutions are used when the cell is dehydrated and fluids need to be put back intracellularly. This happens when patients develop diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or hyperosmolar hyperglycemia.

What is an example of hypotonic?

A common example of a hypotonic solution is 0.45% normal saline (half normal saline). When a patient develops diabetic ketoacidosis, the intracellular space becomes dehydrated, so the administration of a hypotonic solution helps to rehydrate the cells.

What is isotonic solution example?

A solution is isotonic when its effective osmole concentration is the same as that of another solution. This state provides the free movement of water across the membrane without changing the concentration of solutes on either side. Some examples of isotonic solutions are 0.9% normal saline and lactated ringers.

When would you use hypertonic or hypotonic solutions?

You want to give your patients a solution that has the tonicity that is opposite their problem most of the time. For example, if your patient is dehydrated their blood is hypertonic. They will need a hypotonic solution to bring their tonicity back within normal ranges.

What is meant by hypertonic and hypotonic solution?

A hypertonic solution contains a higher concentration of solutes compared to another solution. The opposite solution with a lower concentration is known as the hypotonic solution. … If a cell is placed in a hypertonic solution, the cell is considered hypotonic.

What happens when you give a hypotonic solution?

When a hypotonic solution is administered, it puts more water in the serum than is found inside cells. As a result, water moves into the cells, causing them to swell.

How do you know if a solution is hypertonic hypotonic or isotonic?

If a cell is placed in a hypertonic solution, water will leave the cell, and the cell will shrink. In an isotonic environment, the relative concentrations of solute and water are equal on both sides of the membrane. … When a cell is placed in a hypotonic environment, water will enter the cell, and the cell will swell.

What is a hypertonic solution example?

A solution of 5% dextrose (sugar) and 0.45% sodium chloride is an example of a hypertonic solution – so is a solution of 5% dextrose and 0.9% sodium chloride. … If a cell contains a concentration of 75% sodium chloride (NaCl), then any solution with a higher concentration of sodium chloride is hypertonic to it.

What is a real life example of hypertonic solution?

an example of hypertonic is when you put your clothes on a clothesline to dry them off. since the air is hypertonic to the wet clothes, the water comes out and evaporates.