Question: What Factors Affect Eyewitness Testimony?

What are the possible causes of mistaken eyewitness identification?

Systemic weaknesses in traditional identification procedures that cause misidentification of perpetrators include the following: suggestive instructions to witnesses that cue them to pick the suspect or that fail to mention that the perpetrator may not be in the lineup; use of a lineup administrator who knows the ….

How does stress affect eyewitness testimony?

Early studies investigating the effects of stress on memory yielded inconsistent findings. Some re- searchers found that accuracy suffered when witnesses were under stress, others found that it was unaffected, and a minority of researchers reported improvements in accuracy.

How can I improve my eyewitness testimony?

Improving Eyewitness Identification Key to Protecting Innocent…Advise law enforcement personnel to interview witnesses as soon as possible after a crime has been committed and record it on video.Ensure that police put in writing why a suspect is believed to be guilty of a specific crime before placing him or her in a lineup.More items…•

What are three factors that may interfere with the reliability of eyewitness testimony?

This is, in large part, because there are numerous factors that may affect the accuracy of eyewitness testimony.Memory reconstruction. … Lineup issues. … Visual characteristics. … Anxiety and stress. … Obtaining legal representation.

Can you trust eyewitness testimony?

Under the right circumstances, eyewitness testimony can be reliable. To ensure the information witnesses provide is accurate, the people working on a criminal case must carefully examine how witnesses were questioned, as well as the language that law enforcement used to respond to their answers.

What 4 factors affect the reliability of eyewitnesses?

Four factors that affect eyewitness reliability in VirginiaMemory mechanics. Though we would like to believe that our memories are generally reliable and that we can accurately recall the details of what we observe, the truth is that our memories are often affected by the way we make sense of the world. … Stress. … The presence of a weapon. … Appearances.